Colecţia Muzeului episcopal reformat
Reformed Diocese Museum
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Spread to Bihor county more specifically from the middle of the 16th century, the Reformation contributed substantially not only to the enriching of spiritual life in this area, but also to the flourishing of culture.

One of the consequences of the Reformation movement being imported in our area of interest was applied to the founding of a typography. This act reinforced once again that this was ‘the child of the printed book’ (referring to the fact that the invention of the printing press contributed a great deal to the spreading of Luther and Calvin’s ideas).

Its founder was Hoffalter Rafael and it printed mainly liturgical books. The first volume printed here was the translation and interpretation of the Book of Job from the Bible by Melius Juhász Péter. In 1566 followed a hymn book compiled by Szegedi Gergely. One hundred volumes were printed here until 1660, when Oradea was conquered by the Turks.

The most notable work is, undoubtedly, the Bible of Oradea, whose printing started as early as 1657 and soon reached 10.000 copies. At a preliminary stage, activity on these premises focused on the printing of the New Testament, which was completed in the summer of 1660, when Oradea was besieged by the Turks. In these circumstances, the typography had to be transferred to Cluj, where the Holy Scripture as a whole was printed in 1661.

Together with a significant number of reformed churches, most of which represent small architectural pearls (such as those in Albiș, Acâș, Episcopia Bihor, Ciumești, Ip, Finiș, Iermata Neagră, Crasna, Recea, Meseșenii de Jos, Remetea – where you can find a 15th century fresco depicting kings Stephen, Ladislaus and Emeric – Mineu, Mișca etc.), the inventory of this confession is gorgeously completed by several cups, chalices, patens, liturgical cups, and others, whose exhibition hold great tourist potential.

Among the liturgical cups preserved until the present day there are unique pieces of art, such as the 17th century gold-plated silver cup with zoomorphic engravings, owned by the church in Nușfalău; the silver cup owned by the village of Adoni, crafted in a German workshop in the second half of the 16th century; the cups in Ghenci, engraved with fish scale adornments; the artist of the smaller one is said to have been Sebastianus Liebhardt (1575-1577) or Eligius Sattler (1576-1592) from Bratislava; the bigger cup was made after the smaller one, in 1758; the cup from the church in Suplacu de Barcău is adorned with scales with pastoral images of the 12 apostles; the cups on pedestals from Episcopia Bihor, made in the first half of the 17th century from gold-plated silver; those from Mișca, crafted at the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century most likely in Germany with main adornments depicting tears that symbolise the suffering of Jesus ; the cup in Sălacea, adorned with late-Baroque forms, crafted at the end of the 17th century in the silver workshop from Sibiu (probably under the guidance of the renowned master goldsmith Sebastian Hann). Among the chalices, some stand out – those from the churches in Episcopia Bihor, Cadea and Cetariu, from the beginning of the 17th century, luxurious and pineapple-shaped (very rare in Transylvania, the last one being the work of the master chief silversmith of prince Gabriel Bethen, Seres István Jr); the chalice with coconut dating from the beginning of the 17th century from the parish in Crasna is also remarkable and it was crafted in a workshop from Augsburg.